The ASTM International recently released C1781 Standard Test Method for Surface Infiltration Rate of Permeable Unit Pavement Systems. This test method is specifically designed for assessing the surface infiltration rate of new and in-service permeable interlocking concrete pavements and permeable clay brick pavements. The test method involves timing a slow pour of a known weight of water into a 12 in. (30 cm) diameter pipe fastened to the permeable pavement surface with plumber’s putty or modeling clay. The infiltration rate is easily calculated using a formula in the test method. The test method also provides guidance on how to locate the 12 in. (30 cm) diameter pipe on the unit paving surface to measure infiltration that represents the pattern on the larger pavement area. The test uses similar equipment and methods in ASTM C1701 Standard Test Method for Infiltration Rate of In Place Pervious Concrete. The similarities between C1701 and C1781 make the test results comparable.
“We are seeing more provincial, state and local permeable pavement specifications require surface infiltration tests to accept new permeable pavements and to evaluate their in-service infiltration for determining surface cleaning,” says Craig Walloch, chair of ASTM Subcommittee C15.04 on Research who helped develop the standard. “Now they have a method with specific guidance for testing unit paving with results that can be compared to that from pervious concrete and porous asphalt.” Mr. Walloch further noted that existing guidelines published by stormwater agencies have used C1701 to test surface infiltration of permeable unit paving. While the results from that test method applied to permeable unit pavement are useful, C1781 provides clear guidance on executing the test on these pavements.
To purchase and download C1781 from ASTM, visit http://www.astm.org/Standards/C1781.htm. The standard retails for $42 and ASTM members receive a 10 percent discount. For further information on permeable interlocking concrete pavement design, construction and maintenance visit the Interlocking Concrete Pavement Institute at www.icpi.org.