Updates on Paving Product Standards
ASTM’s C1782 Specification for Utility Segmental Concrete Paving Slabs provides a baseline acceptance standard for slab products manufactured with dry-cast, wet-cast and hydraulically pressed processes. Available for purchase on www.astm.org, C1782 determines the minimum average flexural strength (725 psi), dimensional and warpage tolerances, and freeze-thaw durability requirements for paving slabs with dimensions ranging from 12 x 12 to 48 x 48 inches.
Due to their larger size, segmental concrete paving slabs do not conform to ASTM C936 Standard Specification for Solid Concrete Interlocking Paving Units. The only available product standard for slabs prior to C1782 was a CSA (Canadian) paving slab standard in existence since 1972. C1782 now provides requirements with familiar ASTM terms and references that producers can meet. The standard was developed by paving slab manufacturers, testing labs and other experts within the ASTM Subcommittee on Manufactured Masonry Units and Related Units (also known as C15.03).
Architects, civil engineers and landscape architects will benefit most from C1782 by using it in construction specifications. Paving slab manufacturers will use the standard to promote products that meet or exceed its requirements. The standard will also give concrete testing labs the opportunity to provide an additional service in testing paving slabs. Most importantly, C1782 clearly differentiates slabs from the pavers in C936.
ICPI indicated that another segmental concrete paving slab standard will be submitted for balloting by ASTM in the coming months. This one will likely be named Specification for Architectural Segmental Concrete Paving Slabs. The architectural designation means it will cover units with textured architectural finishes such as hammered, polished or molded surfaces. Additionally, the specification will include closer tolerances than C1782 to better accommodate precision installations that use pedestals for roof decks, bitumen-set (sand-asphalt bedding) and some sand-set bedding applications. Such units may require grinding (also known as gauging) to conform to tighter dimensional tolerances.
UPDATES TO THE CONCRETE PAVER STANDARD
ASTM C936 Standard Specification for Solid Concrete Interlocking Paving Units received an appendix with a zone map that points to optional use of -15° C (5° F) as the lowest temperature using ASTM C1645 Standard Test Method for Freeze-thaw and De-icing Salt Durability of Solid Concrete Interlocking Paving Units. This test method calls for immersing pavers or coupons cut from paving slabs into a 3% saline solution and then exposing them to a maximum of 49 freeze-thaw cycles (each 24 hours) while inside an automated freezer. The material loss from the paver is weighed and must not exceed 500 grams per square meter of surface area to meet C936. This optional ASTM test method is very similar to that in CSA A231.2 Precast Concrete Pavers. The new optional lower temperature in C936 should increase assurance of winter durability to the purchaser as well as to the manufacturer.